1. Basil, another antimicrobial
There is still something to speak about Italian tomato sauce. It is amazing to see how little details bring a whole thing work. While Angela’s family brightened me up for the use of water after boiling tomatoes, Alessandro’s family taught me the use of basil leaves. 
We put many basil leaves when we boiled tomatoes and add some while we bottled the sauce, too. Alessandro’s mother kept saying, 
"Tanto basilico, Tanto Tanto! ( Lots of basil leaves, a lot, a lot)"
I thought it would be just for the taste and Italian’s love on basil. Yet my further research tells that it is not only for that but basil is also an antimicrobial ingredient. Indeed many researches are going on using antimicrobial property of basil on food and medical products. 

    Basil, another antimicrobial

    There is still something to speak about Italian tomato sauce. It is amazing to see how little details bring a whole thing work. While Angela’s family brightened me up for the use of water after boiling tomatoes, Alessandro’s family taught me the use of basil leaves. 

    We put many basil leaves when we boiled tomatoes and add some while we bottled the sauce, too. Alessandro’s mother kept saying, 

    "Tanto basilico, Tanto Tanto! ( Lots of basil leaves, a lot, a lot)"

    I thought it would be just for the taste and Italian’s love on basil. Yet my further research tells that it is not only for that but basil is also an antimicrobial ingredient. Indeed many researches are going on using antimicrobial property of basil on food and medical products. 

     
  2. Share |
  3. Don’t throw water after boiling tomatoes!
Last week, I’ve introduced how to make Italian tomato sauce. Since two Italian family taught me about it, various tips came up. One of interesting knowledge, from Angela’s family from Puglia, was about the water after boiling tomatoes.
When you boil and filter tomatoes (check the step 6-7 from the workshop images), you get the water in the down bowl. Wash your bottles with that water. It will disinfect sterilized bottles again. It works because tomatoes contains antimicrobials as citrus fruits. 
If you still have the water left, give to your plants. It is a good nutrient. 
As Angela said “here, nothing to throw!”

    Don’t throw water after boiling tomatoes!

    Last week, I’ve introduced how to make Italian tomato sauce. Since two Italian family taught me about it, various tips came up. One of interesting knowledge, from Angela’s family from Puglia, was about the water after boiling tomatoes.

    When you boil and filter tomatoes (check the step 6-7 from the workshop images), you get the water in the down bowl. Wash your bottles with that water. It will disinfect sterilized bottles again. It works because tomatoes contains antimicrobials as citrus fruits. 

    If you still have the water left, give to your plants. It is a good nutrient. 

    As Angela said “here, nothing to throw!”

     
  4. Share |
  5. How to make Italian tomato sauce, la salsa
This summer, I was very lucky to have a two day intensive tomato sauce workshop with Italian friends. The process is introduced simply on the image. It requires some time to devote yourself but is much easier than what I thought :-) Try it at home on a sunny day! It is a big fun and pleasure!
*One important thing to note: We followed traditional recipes from two Italian families. These families don’t add any citric acid or salt inside, which actually help tomatoes keep away from spoilage. Also personally, I don’t fancy the acid taste in the tomato sauce, either.
However, before eating your sauce afterwards, remember to cook the sauce above 80 degrees at least for 15 minutes against the danger of botulism.

    How to make Italian tomato sauce, la salsa

    This summer, I was very lucky to have a two day intensive tomato sauce workshop with Italian friends. The process is introduced simply on the image. It requires some time to devote yourself but is much easier than what I thought :-) Try it at home on a sunny day! It is a big fun and pleasure!

    *One important thing to note: We followed traditional recipes from two Italian families. These families don’t add any citric acid or salt inside, which actually help tomatoes keep away from spoilage. Also personally, I don’t fancy the acid taste in the tomato sauce, either.

    However, before eating your sauce afterwards, remember to cook the sauce above 80 degrees at least for 15 minutes against the danger of botulism.

     
  6. Share |
  7. How oranges get damaged inside the fridge 
At Museo della Frutta in Turin, Italy, I was excited to see the experiment on refrigeration of oranges in 1930s. On the image above, the first line is the beginning stage of orange in the fridge and the second line is the later stage. 
Oranges are tropical fruits, which means they didn’t develop themselves to stay in a cold surrounding. So if they stay in the fridge, they easily get damaged. Humanizing them, they get a cold and sick.
From my experiment, oranges stay fairly long in a room temperature. With their maturation, they get even sweeter. They tend to dry on their skin with time but you still find juicy fruit inside. Same as lemons! 
Keep your sweet and beautiful oranges in front of your eyes and enjoy them!  

    How oranges get damaged inside the fridge 

    At Museo della Frutta in Turin, Italy, I was excited to see the experiment on refrigeration of oranges in 1930s. On the image above, the first line is the beginning stage of orange in the fridge and the second line is the later stage. 

    Oranges are tropical fruits, which means they didn’t develop themselves to stay in a cold surrounding. So if they stay in the fridge, they easily get damaged. Humanizing them, they get a cold and sick.

    From my experiment, oranges stay fairly long in a room temperature. With their maturation, they get even sweeter. They tend to dry on their skin with time but you still find juicy fruit inside. Same as lemons! 

    Keep your sweet and beautiful oranges in front of your eyes and enjoy them!  

     
  8. Share |
  9. Wormwood, a natural repellent against fruit flies
In this region we have a lot of fruit flies in the summer. Wormwood, which I have growing in the yard, is a bug repellent (I had intended to dry sprigs of it for use in keeping moths out of my clothes, and for making mosquito repellent). I thought to put some that was drying over the bananas, and am happy to report that the fruit flies haven’t landed on them for almost 24 hours now. Wormwood could be a useful decorative accent in the summertime fruit bowl.

A|exNYC, USA

    Wormwood, a natural repellent against fruit flies

    In this region we have a lot of fruit flies in the summer. Wormwood, which I have growing in the yard, is a bug repellent (I had intended to dry sprigs of it for use in keeping moths out of my clothes, and for making mosquito repellent). I thought to put some that was drying over the bananas, and am happy to report that the fruit flies haven’t landed on them for almost 24 hours now. Wormwood could be a useful decorative accent in the summertime fruit bowl.

    A|ex
    NYC, USA

     
  10. Share |
  11. How to keep water fresh like dew
My grandparents live in a traditional way, they use petromax lamp, well, fireplace to cook,  and of course they don’t have fridge. 
Every time I visit them, they always serve fresh foods and waters.
They use clay tea pots and clay jars.
The clay jars used to store bathing water and the tea pot  for drinking water. Well, the cold level is not as cold as fridge water but it’s fresh like dew and fresh enough for your throat and of course healthy.
You could find clay tea pots and jars in every clay utilities stores.
The tips to make your water fresh like dew is store the water for about one night long before used, and close tightly withe the tea pot cap. The longer you store it the fresher it become.
And if you have a better way, tell me :) 
Esti Nurnani,  Jakarta,  Indonesia

    How to keep water fresh like dew

    My grandparents live in a traditional way, they use petromax lamp, well, fireplace to cook,  and of course they don’t have fridge. 

    Every time I visit them, they always serve fresh foods and waters.

    They use clay tea pots and clay jars.

    The clay jars used to store bathing water and the tea pot  for drinking water. Well, the cold level is not as cold as fridge water but it’s fresh like dew and fresh enough for your throat and of course healthy.

    You could find clay tea pots and jars in every clay utilities stores.

    The tips to make your water fresh like dew is store the water for about one night long before used, and close tightly withe the tea pot cap. The longer you store it the fresher it become.

    And if you have a better way, tell me :) 

    Esti Nurnani,  Jakarta,  Indonesia

     
  12. Share |
  13. Keeping tomatoes until the next harvest
When it is the time of tomatoes in Furore, Italy, Family Serafina gets busier. They need to pick tomatoes before getting them too much ripe. So they can preserve tomatoes for a whole year before the harvest next year. 
Their preservation technic is to bind tomatoes with cotton thread and hang them on the ceiling. I see that in this way, tomatoes can get more air around. So ethylene gas from tomatoes themselves will go away quicker. Indeed, when you keep your tomatoes at home, it helps them stay fresh longer to hang them or separate them from each other. 
Giuseppina, a female master of family, says this technic is different from drying. Tomatoes stay quite juicy for a whole year. Some go bad but many tomatoes remain fine. 
These tomatoes are used for the tomato sauce of pasta or bruschetta (Italian dish/snack: grilled bread topped with tomatoes etc.) later. 

    Keeping tomatoes until the next harvest

    When it is the time of tomatoes in Furore, Italy, Family Serafina gets busier. They need to pick tomatoes before getting them too much ripe. So they can preserve tomatoes for a whole year before the harvest next year. 

    Their preservation technic is to bind tomatoes with cotton thread and hang them on the ceiling. I see that in this way, tomatoes can get more air around. So ethylene gas from tomatoes themselves will go away quicker. Indeed, when you keep your tomatoes at home, it helps them stay fresh longer to hang them or separate them from each other. 

    Giuseppina, a female master of family, says this technic is different from drying. Tomatoes stay quite juicy for a whole year. Some go bad but many tomatoes remain fine. 

    These tomatoes are used for the tomato sauce of pasta or bruschetta (Italian dish/snack: grilled bread topped with tomatoes etc.) later. 

     
  14. Share |
  15. How to check the freshness of eggs
Did you read the way to keep eggs at room temperature for a few months last week?
Actually if you want to keep eggs just for a couple of weeks, you don’t need to do any extra treatment. They stay fairly well at room temperature. However if you need to keep eggs for a longer period of time, the method from James will be a good tip. Or similar methods were introduced also by Tina from Finland and Allison from Canada. 
On top of that, it is never a bad idea to check if eggs are still fresh or not before eating. Since the eggs don’t tell how they are on the appearance, we need to have a method. Here is a simple way to check. As you see on the photo above, put the egg in the water. If the egg lies on the bottom of water, it means fresh (the best is when it stays horizontally as well). If the egg floats to the surface of water, it is not edible any more. 
Simple science happens here. Older eggs have more gas inside and creates a stronger buoyant force. If you want to be more strict for the freshness of eggs, add salt to the water. Salt water is denser than plain water, the denser the liquid the harder it is for eggs to sink in it. 
In addition, if eggs smells bad when you break them, it also means no good.  
Enjoy your time with eggs! :-) 

    How to check the freshness of eggs

    Did you read the way to keep eggs at room temperature for a few months last week?

    Actually if you want to keep eggs just for a couple of weeks, you don’t need to do any extra treatment. They stay fairly well at room temperature. However if you need to keep eggs for a longer period of time, the method from James will be a good tip. Or similar methods were introduced also by Tina from Finland and Allison from Canada. 

    On top of that, it is never a bad idea to check if eggs are still fresh or not before eating. Since the eggs don’t tell how they are on the appearance, we need to have a method. Here is a simple way to check. As you see on the photo above, put the egg in the water. If the egg lies on the bottom of water, it means fresh (the best is when it stays horizontally as well). If the egg floats to the surface of water, it is not edible any more. 

    Simple science happens here. Older eggs have more gas inside and creates a stronger buoyant force. If you want to be more strict for the freshness of eggs, add salt to the water. Salt water is denser than plain water, the denser the liquid the harder it is for eggs to sink in it. 

    In addition, if eggs smells bad when you break them, it also means no good.  

    Enjoy your time with eggs! :-) 

     
  16. Share |
  17. Room Temperature Egg Storage
It’s really not difficult to store eggs at room temperature for months. An egg shell is slightly porous, Microscopic holes are how airborne contaminants can penetrate to the interior and spoil the egg.
solution: Coat the eggs with mineral oil, available at any pharmacy (sometimes found in the laxative section). Wear food handling gloves or any surgical glove and coat each egg by hand and replace in the container they came in. I’ve taken this out to six months at about 68-70 F with no problem. Some properties are lost, like the ability of the egg white to be beaten to a meringue. The oxygen and airborne pathogens that can ruin eggs are occluded from the interior. Flip the egg containers monthly. I have eaten eggs stored outside the refrigerator at 9 months and I couldn’t tell the difference between them and fresh eggs. 
- James Holmes

    Room Temperature Egg Storage

    It’s really not difficult to store eggs at room temperature for months. An egg shell is slightly porous, Microscopic holes are how airborne contaminants can penetrate to the interior and spoil the egg.

    solution: Coat the eggs with mineral oil, available at any pharmacy (sometimes found in the laxative section). Wear food handling gloves or any surgical glove and coat each egg by hand and replace in the container they came in. I’ve taken this out to six months at about 68-70 F with no problem. Some properties are lost, like the ability of the egg white to be beaten to a meringue. The oxygen and airborne pathogens that can ruin eggs are occluded from the interior. Flip the egg containers monthly. I have eaten eggs stored outside the refrigerator at 9 months and I couldn’t tell the difference between them and fresh eggs. 

    - James Holmes

     
  18. Share |
  19. Meat Packages
I learned in history class that in medieval Europe people would keep their meat fresh by covering it with salt &/or dried herbs such as basil or parsley before wrapping it in the butcher paper for storage. It became so customary there that eventually the practice found it’s way in to modern culinary practices to season the beef before cooking. :D
The same practice was used for storing milk, I think the herb was lavender but I’m not 100% sure on that.

Tina Q. Boulder, CO. USA

    Meat Packages

    I learned in history class that in medieval Europe people would keep their meat fresh by covering it with salt &/or dried herbs such as basil or parsley before wrapping it in the butcher paper for storage. It became so customary there that eventually the practice found it’s way in to modern culinary practices to season the beef before cooking. :D

    The same practice was used for storing milk, I think the herb was lavender but I’m not 100% sure on that.

    Tina Q. Boulder, CO. USA

     
  20. Share |